Phytochemical analysis and cytotoxicity assessment of Syzygium curanii L. (Lipote) leaf and bark extracts.

Ochoco, Eugene Nathaniel L. and Muzones, Ma. Honeylyn P. (2011) Phytochemical analysis and cytotoxicity assessment of Syzygium curanii L. (Lipote) leaf and bark extracts. Undergraduate thesis, De La Salle University - Dasmariñas.

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Abstract

Studying plants’ secondary metabolites and their cytotoxic potency are of great help in discovering new drugs. Plant-derived drugs can be an advantage for treating severe diseases. It is then important to establish the presence of different phytochemicals in various plant species and also their cytotoxic potential because they remain to be a great source of medicinal compounds. This study analyzed for the first time the phytochemical composition and cytotoxicity assessment of the young leaves, mature leaves and bark extracts of Syzygium curanii. These samples of S. curanii were extracted and underwent sequential solvent fractionation using solvents of increasing polarity. Fractions obtained from the young leaves, mature leaves and bark were subjected to phytochemical analysis. The results of the phytochemical screening were based on the intensity of positive colour change. Alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, tannins, and saponins are generally present in the young leaves, mature leaves and bark of S. curanii. The bioactivity of the phytochemicals in each fraction was assessed using cytotoxicity test against Artemia salina. Most of the non-polar and semi-polar fractions of the samples except bark exhibited cytotoxic effect against Artemia salina as compared with that of the drug methotrexate. The relative abundance of terpenoids in young and mature leaves accounted for the cytotoxicity of the samples. At pure concentrations, all the samples exhibited cytotoxicity against A. salina. At decreasing concentrations, the percent mortality also decreased. Most of the young and mature leaf fractions elicited lower variations of LC50 than methotrexate. These fractions were then considered to be cytotoxic to brine shrimp. The most cytotoxic sample fraction was the ethyl acetate fraction from young leaves with an LC50 value of 65μg/mL. The wide distribution of alkaloids and saponins accounted for the cytotoxicity of the ethyl acetate fraction from young leaves. Conversely, the least cytotoxic sample was the butanol fraction from bark with an LC50 value of 8623μg/mL. High concentrations of non polar and semi-polar alkaloids were regarded as active.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: CALL NUMBER : BIO 1140 2011
Keywords: Phytochemical analysis ; Cytotoxicity ; Leaf extracts
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QK Botany
Users: College of Science and Computer Studies > Biological Science
Depositing User: Ivyjoy Viray
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2015 06:03
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2015 06:03
URI: http://thesis.dlsud.edu.ph/id/eprint/816

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