Psychological resilience among Filipino combatant soldiers.

Meca, April and Salinas, Mary Ann C. and Sanchez , Kimberly P. (2012) Psychological resilience among Filipino combatant soldiers. Undergraduate thesis, De La Salle University-Dasmarinas.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Name of Institution : De La Salle University- Dasmariňas Address : Dasmariňas City, Cavite 4115 Philippines Title : Psychological Resilience among Filipino Combatant Soldiers Authors : April C. Meca Mary Ann C. Salinas Kimberly P. Sanchez Adviser : Dr. Roslin De Ala Degree : Bachelor of Arts Major in Psychology Date started : June, 2011 Date finished : March 2012 Total Expenses : 10,000 Sources of fund : Parents De La Salle University - Dasmariñas 10 Objectives of the Study: A. General To determine the psychological resilience among Filipino combatant soldiers. B. Specific 1. Identify the stressful experiences of the combatant soldiers during their combat duty. 1.1. Physical 1.2. Emotional 1.3. Mental 2. Identify the protective factors of psychological resiliency as perceived by the Filipino combatant soldiers. 3. Identify the contribution of protective factors in the psychological resilience among Filipino combatant soldiers. 4. Identify whether the Filipino Combatant Soldiers recovered positively or negatively on the following aspect: 4.1. Social and Interpersonal 4.2. Cognitive and Intellect De La Salle University - Dasmariñas 11 4.3. Emotional and Affect 4.4. Physical and Biological 4.5. Spiritual and Moral 4.6. Attitude and Personality Scope and Limitations: This study looked into the protective factors of resilience among combatant soldiers. This covers a study among Filipino soldiers who are members of the Philippine Army under the Armed Forces of the Philippines, whose age ranges from 25 to 45, who has served the organization for at least 2 years. Moreover, the respondents were those who have experienced firsthand the actual war zone experiences or combat duty encounters, who have the capacity to comprehend an interview and answer questions. Methodology: The researchers used a descriptive type of research using case study method, in obtaining responses from the respondents. The researchers utilized a purposive sampling technique where in participants were selected with the researchers‟ intent and purpose such as: (a) the respondents must be 25-45 years old; (b) they must have at least not less than 3 months exposure in a combat duty; (c) a member of a military organization (d) naturally born Filipino. The main research De La Salle University - Dasmariñas 12 instrument of this study is a guide questionnaire and a checklist, verified by professionals in the field of psychology which was applied through a panel interview. Major Findings: The researchers found out in this study that these Filipino combatant soldiers have positively recovered despite the stressful events these soldiers have experienced during combat operations. Inspite of long hours of combat searching, lack of sleep and lack of food supplies and the rest, these soldiers are able to bounce back through the support of their family and their organization. The protective factors used in this study showed also its significance in helping these soldiers to recover from adversities to their normal state of life. Thus, the contribution of these protective factors exhibit increased as regards to their resiliency such as the sense of responsibility and maturity especially in decision making as a whole. Conclusions: 1. The researchers found out primarily that lack of sleep or sleep disturbances, lack of food supplies, body pains due to long hours of combat searching, loneliness, clemency on beheaded co-soldiers, inability to relax, preoccupation of thoughts/tasks and culture shock confers stressful experiences to the Filipino combatant soldiers during combat operations. 2. Optimism, hardiness and self-efficacy under personal factors are the commonly perceived factors used by the respondents. De La Salle University - Dasmariñas 13 3. The contribution of protective factors exhibit increased regards to their resiliency such as sense of responsibility and maturity especially in decision making. 4. Researchers found out that the Filipino Combatant Soldiers recovered positively on the Social/Interpersonal, Cognitive/Intellect, Emotional/Affective, Physical/Biological, and Spiritual/Moral aspect of psychological resiliency. Recommendations: 1. The job related stress and adversities experienced by the Filipino combatant soldiers are events that were inescapable and thus considered to be part of their duty as a military officer or personnel. However, it is healthier if the soldiers are aware of their protective factors to help them elicit coping strategies during or even after their exposure to adverse or stressful occurrences. They can also foster resilience individually if they will be engage in activity such as religious fellowship, sports and other support group activities even outside their organization. Joining this kind of activity can help them release the stress and tension in their everyday schedule. 2. It is best if the military organization help the soldiers to be holistically equipped even before or after exposure to traumatic experiences in the combatant duty operation. Eight of respondents in this study who were officers may handle their work more efficiently if they will be given enough discussions about their leadership skills not only in planning tactics but De La Salle University - Dasmariñas 14 significantly, how they will handle people who are under stress. The researchers also recommend to the organization specifically the psychological unit to conduct activity which is after the well being of the soldiers. They can conduct spiritual activities, sports, activities involving the soldier and their family and other related activities that gives the soldier their time to release job related stress and tensions. 3. Family is the primary support group of an individual more importantly during stressful circumstances. Understanding and supporting the Filipino combatant soldiers can greatly help the soldiers alleviate their stressful experiences. 4. As part of the macro environment of an individual, the community can foster resiliency in an individual if the atmosphere in the community is hospitable and support individuals achieve his goals by providing opportunity for self development. 5. Future researchers will gain new information for military psychology if they will also study about the combat duty experiences of female military personnel.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: PSY 1063 2012
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Depositing User: Ms. Bibiana Alcantara
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2016 00:41
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2016 00:41
URI: http://thesis.dlsud.edu.ph/id/eprint/1369

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