Level of psychopathology of criminal justice offenders and its relation to their recidivism [computer file].

Dispo, Madeleine A. and Mangune, Joann Rea F. and Reyes, Roxanne Mhae C. (2007) Level of psychopathology of criminal justice offenders and its relation to their recidivism [computer file]. Undergraduate thesis, De La Salle University-Dasmarinas.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Name of Institution : De La Salle University- Dasmariñas Address : Dasmariñas, Cavite Title : Level of Psychopathology of Criminal Justice Offenders and its Relation to their Recidivism Authors : Madeleine Aquino Dispo Joann Rea Francisco Mangune Roxanne Mhae Cidro Reyes Funding Source : Parents Cost : 7,500 Date Started : September 2006 Date Completed : March 2007 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY A. General Objective This study aimed to determine the level of Psychopathology of the criminal justice offenders and its relation to their recidivism or future re-offending. B. Specific Objectives 1. To find out the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 7 a. age; b. marital status; c. crime committed; and d. length of sentence. 2. To find out the level of psychopathology of sample criminal justice offenders. 3. To find out the influence of demographics on the level of psychopathology of the respondents 4. To find out the influence of demographics on the level of recidivism of the respondents 5. To find out if there is a significant relationship between the level of psychopathology and the level of recidivism of the respondents. SCOPE AND COVERAGE The focus of the study was to determine the level of psychopathology and recidivism of the 30 male offender subjects who are literate, from 20 – 39 years old, and who has been incarcerated for at least two years due to serious crime committed. 8 METHODOLOGY This study used the descriptive-correlational design to describe the relationship among the variables under scrutiny. MAJOR FINDINGS 1.) The results of this study were based on the demographic profile of the respondents. This study found out that most of the respondents’ age ranges from 23 to 27 years old, wherein the most prevalent crime committed by the respondents is homicide. Single men are most likely to undergo criminal acts than married man. There is a great variation of the length of sentence from 6 months to 12 years to Life sentence. All male offenders are college student inside the penitentiary. 2.) The results of the respondents’ level of psychopathology on the Hutt Adaptation Bender Gestalt Test are high level, interpreted on the Normative Psychopathology Scale of Hutt Adaptation Bender Gestalt Test. 3.) There is no significant relationship between the demographic profiles of the respondents and the level of psychopathology as revealed by the test results of Hutt Adaptation of Bender Gestalt Test. 4.) There is no significant relationships between the demographic profiles of the respondents are the level of recidivism as revealed by the test results of Recidivism Assessment Matrices. 9 5.) There is a significant relationship between the level of psychopathology of criminal justice offenders and their recidivism. The computed value is ( r (30) .402, p=.02), meaning the hypothesis is rejected. It is affirmative that there is, indeed, a correlation at 0.05 significant level. CONCLUSIONS 1. Majority of the inmates selected to join in the study belongs to the 23 – 27 years old age range. Meaning, younger people are more capable of doing successful offenses. Also, most of them are single, meaning they don’t have permanent relationships and commitment with a partner, which is a factor for generating criminal offenses. 2. The criminal offenses of the subjects are brought about by their personality disorders / psychopathology. Therefore, they need a concrete treatment plan in order for them to be completely reformed. 3. Age and civil status do not contribute to the pattern of pathology and recidivistic behaviors. It doesn’t matter if they are single or married, whether they are attached to their wives and/or partners. The level of criminal activity is due to their internal predicaments and not because of these static factors. 4. Age and civil status are not related to recidivism tendencies of the inmates. Recidivistic activities are due to psychopathological explanation, which renders a pattern in the behavior of a person. Psychopathology may 10 signify repetitive behavior and resistance to learning and punishment to an individual. Psychopathology and recidivism are significantly related to each other. Therefore, the legal justice system should form an agenda in treating the psychologically disturbed offenders in order for them to be reformed completely. If these offenders are released without resolving their inner conflicts, surely, they can easily do what they had already done. RECOMMENDATIONS Based on the findings and conclusions, the researcher arrived at the following recommendations: 1.) The criminal justice offenders need counseling and therapy to resolve their inner conflicts. The psycho spiritual approach, which is the integration of heart, mind, and body, can be utilized in offenders’ healing process. 2.) The findings show, it is indeed apparent that criminal justice offenders suffer from psychopathology; restructuring the present system of correction in the Philippines is highly recommended. 3.) Psychologist / Criminal Justice Counselors must proactively help offenders develop and cultivate resilience and the ability to thrive and flourish under adverse or threatening circumstances. 11 4.) It is high time for the relatives of the participants of this study to give the justice offenders the unwavering love and constant attention they need to feel accomplished amid all their follies. Positive relations to relatives give them motivation to change. 5.) The researchers recommend the replication of this study using up to date researches and literatures in the local setting, since most of the reviews involved are western-based. The researchers also strongly recommend the use of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), which is one of the most popular psychological tests constructed to aid in diagnosing psychiatric patients, and the Psychopathology Checklist Revised Edition (PCL-R) in conducting the same research to accurately identify the psychopathology level of the respondents.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: PSY 886 2007
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Depositing User: Ms. Bibiana Alcantara
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2016 09:02
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2016 09:02
URI: http://thesis.dlsud.edu.ph/id/eprint/1254

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